Friday, December 29, 2006

Chronology of Prophet’s Farewell Hajj II

Sunday 4-12-10 A.H. 1-3-632 A.C.

1. The Prophet SAW set off for Makkah, and entered it by way of the upper hill overlooking Al-Hajun. Then, he proceeded until he entered Makkah before noon. He finally reached the door of the Sacred Mosque where he knelt his she-camel and entered through Abd Manaf Gate which people call Banu Shaibah Gate.

2. He looked at Ka'abah, turned his face towards it, raised his hands and said, “O Allah! You are the source of peace. From You comes peace. O Allah! Greet us with peace. O Allah! Endow this House with more honor, dignity and respect, and grant all those who come to it for Hajj or `Umrah honor, dignity, respect and piety."

3. In another narration Prophet SAW said, "O Allah! Grant Your House more honor, dignity respect, righteousness and solemnity." He went directly to the House without performing doing Sunnah solat two raka`ahs as a salutation to the mosque, for the salutation to the Sacred Mosque is, in fact, to perform Circumambulation.

i. Tawaf
Sunday 4-12-10 A.H. 1-3-632 A.C.

1. He laid his gown over his right shoulder while leaving the other uncovered. The Prophet SAW began Circumambulation by touching the Black Stone without shoving others there, and his eyes began to flow with tears.

2. After making four rounds, he kissed the Stone, put his hands on it, then kissed his hands and rubbed them over his face.

3. In the Circumambulation, he jogged from and to the Black Stone three times. And He walked fast taking short steps.

4. Every time he passed the Black Stone, he would touch it with a stick and then kiss the stick. Upon touching it, he would say, "In the name of Allah, Allah is the Greatest."

5. The Prophet SAW said to `Umar bin Al-Khattab r.a "O 'Umar! You are a stout man. Do not push others while at the Black Stone lest you may hurt a weak person. But if you find an opportunity to reach it in order to kiss it or touch it, do it. If not, turn your face towards it and say, 'Here I am at Your service and Allah is the Greatest'."

6. Between the Yemeni Corner and the Black Stone, the Prophet SAW is reported as saying the following inclusive supplication: Our Lord! Grant us good in this world and good in the Hereafter and defend us from the torment of the Fire.

7. Having finished his Circumambulation, the Prophet SAW went to the Station of Abraham near the Ka'abah and recited, "And adopt the Station of Abraham as a place of Prayer." He stood at a place where the Station was between him and the House and performed two raka'ats. In the first he recited Al-Fatihah then Surah Al-Kafirun, and in the second raka'ah he recited Al-Fatihah followed by Surah Al-Ikhlas.

8. Concluding his Prayer, he returned to the Black Stone and kissed it. Then he went out through the Banu Makhzum Gate, which is against Al-Safa Hill, to start Sa`ie.

9. The Prophet SAW did not shove to get to the Black Stone, nor did he exceed it to the Yemeni Corner, or raise his hands, or say, "I have intended my Circumambulation this week to be this way or that." Moreover, he did not begin it with Takbir as is the case regarding Prayer.

10. The Prophet SAW neither passed his hands over the Black Stone, nor did he supplicate at the gate or at the back of the Ka'abah. Neither did he dedicate the time of Circumambulation for a certain supplication, nor did he enjoin others to do this. So, people should be cautious of what ignorant people do.

ii. Sa'ie
Sunday 4-12-10 A.H. 1-3-632 A.C.

When he approached Al-Safa he recited "Behold! Al-Safa and Al-Marwah are among the symbols of Allah. So if those who visit the House in the seasons or at other times should compass them round, it is no sin on them. And if any one obeys his own impulse to do good be sure that Allah is He Who recognizes and knows."

He said, "I begin with what Allah began." He ascended Al-Safa until he saw the House. Facing the Qiblah he declared the Oneness of Allah and said, "There is no god but Allah. Allah is the Greatest." He also said, "There is no god but Allah alone, Who fulfilled His promise, helped His servant and alone defeated the Confiderates."

In his Sa'ie, the Prophet said, "Al-Abtah can be crossed only through strain." He said so just to urge people to keep up a fast pace. People were in front of him and he was to their rear pacing so fast that his knees could be seen. Jogging at the bottom of the valley, he said, "O Allah! Grant us pardon and mercy; You are the Mighty, the Glorious." The people crowded around him saying, "This is Muhammad." Even young girls came out of their houses to see him. So, the site became overcrowded with people, and the Prophet mounted his camel. People were not beaten away before the Prophet (to clear a space for him). He mounted his she-camel, Al-Qaswa', and went on performing his Sa'ie. The Prophet was seen uncovering one shoulder and wrapping the other with a Najrani garb during Sa'ie between Al-Safa and Al-Marwah. It is narrated that upon reaching Al-Marwah, the Prophet turned his face towards the House and said, "Allah alone is the Greatest," and did as he had done on Al-Safa.

iii. Annulment Command
Sunday 4-12-10 A.H. 1-3-632 A.C.

1. The Prophet SAW gave his Companions the choice to convert their intention from Hajj to `Umrah. Upon completing his Sa'ie, he commanded his Companions to remove their Ihram; that they may have intercourse with their wives, apply perfume, wear sewn clothes and remain in this state until the day of Al-Tarwiah (the 8th of Dzul- Hijjah).

2. The Prophet SAW did not remove his Ihram because he had brought a sacrificial animal with him from Medina. Thus, everyone removed Ihram except the Prophet SAW and those having sacrificial animals; and among them were Abu Bakr, 'Umar, and Talhah and Al-Zubair r.a.

3. Regarding the women in the Prophet's company, they all removed Ihram except 'A'ishah because her monthly period delayed her from removing her Ihram. Having no sacrificial animal, Fatimah, daughter of the Prophet SAW, removed the Ihram.

4. 'Ali bin Abi Talib came from Yemen with a sacrificial animal and found Fatimah r.a among those who had removed Ihram, put on dyed clothes, and applied Kohl. 'Ali showed his disapproval of this. Whereupon, she said, "My father has commanded me to do so."

5. 'Ali asked the Prophet SAW regarding what she had said. The Prophet said, "She told the truth; she told the truth. I commanded her to do so."

6. 'Ali had put on Ihram while he was in Yemen saying, "O Allah! I put on Ihram for the same purpose your Prophet has put it on."

7. Abu Musa was one of those who came with 'Ali from Yemen, but he drove no sacrificial animal. Thereupon, the Prophet SAW commanded him to remove the Ihram after he had circumambulated and jogged between Al-Safa and Al-Marwah. So he converted his Ihram for Hajj into `Umrah and therefore continued on Hajj to 'Umrah.

iv. The Sermon

Sunday 4-12-10 A.H. 1-3-632 A.C.

1. It came to the ears of the Prophet SAW that some people were saying, "We have proceeded intending to perform Hajj only. When we came to the Prophet, he commanded us to make it `Umrah, and to have intercourse with our wives. We reached Mina in a state as if we had just had intercourse".

2. Having finished his Sa'ie, Allah's Messenger SAW stood among the people and said, "I have learned that some people say so and so. By Allah, I am more righteous and God-fearing than they. If I were to know what this matter of mine would come to, I would not have brought sacrificial animals with me. Whoever, among you, has no sacrificial animal should remove Ihram for Hajj and make Ihram for 'Umrah." So people at large removed their Ihram.

3. While he was at the bottom of the valley, Suraqah bin Malik bin Ja'tham said, "O Prophet of Allah, is it (this conversion of Hajj into'Umrah) meant only for this year or is it forever? The Prophet intertwined his fingers and said, "It is forever, forever, forever." "'Umrah," he added, "has been joined with Hajj until the Day of Judgment".

4. Jabir bin 'Abdullah reported, "We accompanied the Prophet of Allah SAW on the fifth day of Dzul-Hijjah. We were in the state of Ihram for Hajj; but he commanded us to make it 'Umrah. This (removal of Ihram for Hajj) was so hard for us to bear. When this attitude of ours came to the Prophet's knowledge, he said, 'O people! Remove your Ihram. Had not I had a sacrificial animal, I would have done what you did. 'We did so and went to our wives for intercourse as one not in the state of Ihram might do."

5. On the day of Al-Tarwiah, we went outside Makkah and proclaimed Talbiah for Hajj.

v. The Stay in Makkah [Al-Abtah]

Thursday 8-12-10 A.H. 5-3-632 A.C.

1. Upon completing his Sa'ie between Al-Safa and Al-Marwah and having made his command for those having no sacrificial animals to convert their Ihram, the Prophet SAW proceeded with the people until they reached Al-Abtah, on the eastern side of Makkah. He stayed in a red tent pitched for him where he spent the remaining hours of Sunday, all Monday, Tuesday and Wednesday until he performed the Morning Prayer on Thursday.

2. The Prophet of Allah SAW spent this time at Al-Abtah, and there he led his Companions in performing the Noon, Afternoon and Night Prayers in their shortened forms. Furthermore, he did not return to the Ka'abah on these days.

3. Meantime, Bilal SAW used to announce Adzan and fix a spear for the Prophet SAW to turn to in Prayer, and people were led by him in Prayer. Dogs and donkeys passed behind that spear.

4. Upon ending Prayer, people would stand and begin to put his hand upon their faces. A Companion said, "I took his hand and put it on my face. I found it cooler than ice and more fragrant than musk."


Thursday 8-12-10 A.H. 5-3-632 A.C.

1-In the afternoon of the day preceding the Day of Tarwiah, the Prophet delivered a sermon in Makkah.

2-Then the Prophet SAW headed for Mina on Thursday before noon together with the Muslims accompanying him. Those who had removed their Ihram and did not enter the mosque now put on their Ihram for Hajj with Makkah behind them.

3- In Mina the Prophet stopped, performed Noon and Afternoon Prayers and spent Friday night. Then he performed the Dawn Prayer and stayed until the sun rose. Afterwards, the Messenger of Allah SAW proceeded from Mina to `Arafah. When his she-camel moved along, he said, "O Allah! Let this be an accepted Hajj, free of ostentation and showing off."

4- The Prophet SAW took a bypass to the right of the road trodden by people nowadays. Among the Companions, there was some saying Talbiah, others saying Takbir, and the Prophet showed no disaproval to either of them.


Friday 9-12-10 A.H. 6-3-632 A.C.

1. In the Pre-Islamic period, the Quraish used to halt at the Sacred Monument. When the Prophet of Allah SAW moved from Mina to Namirah, he found that a tent had been pitched for him. There he stayed until the sun declined towards the west. He then commanded that his she-camel, Al-Qaswa', be brought and saddled for him. He rode to the bottom of the Valley of 'Arafah, stood at the rocks and said, "All 'Arafah is equally good as a stopping place (on this particular day) except the bottom of the valley called 'Uranah."

i. The Sermon
2. The Prophet SAW delivered a great sermon. As Rabi'ah bin Umaiah bin Khalaf Al-Jumahi, who had a loud voice, was appointed to repeat after the Prophet SAW to convey Prophet's words to the people. From atop his she-camel The Prophet said to him, "Raise your voice and say: O people! Allah's Messenger SAW says: Do you know what month it is? ...etc."

After praising, and thanking God, this is what the Allah Messenger said:

"O People! Lend me an attentive ear, for I know not whether after this year, I shall ever be amongst you again. Therefore listen to what I am saying to you very carefully and take these words to those who could not be present here today.

"O people! Verily your blood and your property are as sacred and inviolable as the sacredness of this day of yours, in this month of yours, in this city of yours. Verily you will meet your Lord, Who will ask you about your deeds. I have conveyed the message.

If anyone among you is given a thing on trust, the trustee must faithfully discharge his trust. Behold! Everything pertaining to the Days of Ignorance is under my feet and completely abolished. The first claim for blood-revenge which I abolish is that of Ibn Abi Rabi'ah bin Al-Harith bin 'Abdul-Muttalib who was wet-nursed in the tribe of Sa'ad bin Bakar and killed by Huzail. All forms of usury are abolished. You will have your capital sums; deal not unjustly, and you will not be dealt with unjustly. Allah has judged that no usury (is legal). And the first form of usury which I abolish is that of Al-'Abbas bin 'Abdul-Muttalib. It is all abolished.

Now then, O people! The Devil has forever lost hope of being worshipped in this land of yours. But if he sought something else, he would be content with the deeds that you consider trivial. So ward him away from your religion.

O people! Verily the transposing [of a prohibited month] is an addition to the Unbelief; Unbelievers are led to the wrong thereby, for they make it lawful one year, and forbidden another year to adjust the number of months forbidden by Allah and make such forbidden ones lawful and make the lawful ones forbidden. Verily time has rotated as the day on which Allah created heavens and earth. The year is twelve months as ordained by Allah the day He created the heaven and the earth, of which four are Sacred. Three are consecutive: Dzulkaedah, Dzulhijjah and Muharram, and Rajab that is between Jamadilakhir and Sha'ban].

O People! Fear Allah concerning women! It is true that you have certain rights with regard to your women, but they also have rights over you. Remember that you have taken them as your wives only under Allah's trust and with His permission. Do treat your women well and be kind to them for they are your partners and committed helpers. They have obligations towards you, and you have obligations towards them as well. Their obligation towards you is that they should not allow anyone, whom you do not like, as well as never to be unchaste. Also their obligation is that they should not display lewd behavior. But if they do, Allah has permitted you to desert them in beds, beat them but not severely. If they abide by your right then to them belongs the right to be fed and clothed in kindness and fitting manner.

O people! Mind my words! Verily I have conveyed the message. I have left behind me two things [in another narration: a clear thing] for you; in case you hold fast to, you will never go astray: the Book of Allah, Exalted and Almighty, and the Sunnah [Tradition] of His Prophet.

O people! Listen and mind my words! All mankind is from Adam and Eve, an Arab has no superiority over a non-Arab nor a non-Arab has any superiority over an Arab; also a white has no superiority over black nor does a black have any superiority over white except by piety and good action.Learn that every Muslim is a brother to every Muslim and that the Muslims constitute one brotherhood. Nothing shall be legitimate to a Muslim which belongs to a fellow Muslim unless it was given freely and willingly. Do not, therefore, do injustice to yourselves. And be aware that hearts never harbor malignity as long as there are three (things): performing good deeds for the sake of Allah, Exalted and Almighty, offering sincere advice to those charged with authority, and adherence to the Muslim community, for the blessing of their supplication reaches whoever belongs to them. He who makes this world his sole concern, Allah will make his poverty fixed to his eyes and scatter his property. He will get nothing but that which Allah has decreed for him. [And he who makes the Hereafter his sole concern, Allah will put his richness in his heart and make him content with his property. Hence, the worldly bounties will come to him at his order.]

[Pay attention to] your slaves, [pay attention to] your slaves; feed them from what you eat, clothe them with what you wear. If they commit a sin that you refuse to forgive, sell the slaves of Allah and plague them not with torture.

I enjoin you to do good to your neighbors . . . He [the narrator said that the Prophet] repeated this command so often that we thought that he would give the neighbor a defined share in inheritance.

O people! Allah has given every one his due. No legacy should be made for an heir. Parentage is proven by legal marriage. And stoning is the penalty of a fornicator. He who claims parentage to someone other than his father or claims loyalty to someone other than his true master, is cursed by Allah, the Angels, and people at large; from both of them Allah will accept neither forgiveness nor compensation. Loan must be repaid. Donation must be returned. Debt must be settled. A guarantor must fulfill his commitment.

Now then, verily polytheists and pagans used to start walking from this exact position by sunset until the sun was over the top of mountains like turbans over the heads of men. Our sacrificial rite is different from theirs. They used to start walking from the Sacred Monument when the sun rose over the tops of mountains like turbans over the heads of men. They used to say, "O Sun! Rise from behind Mount Thabir so as to hasten our march. However, Allah delayed this and moved forward that, [i.e. moved forward setting off for Muzdalifah until sunrise and delayed leaving 'Arafah until sunset]. As for us, we do not move away from 'Arafah until sunset and from Muzdalifah until sunrise. Besides, our offering is different from that of pagans and polytheists.

May Allah have mercy upon all people who hears and minds my words and communicates them to others? For there may be one who has knowledge but who is not knowledgeable; and there may be one who perceives knowledge better than the one who conveys it.

O people! You will be asked about me by Allah Almighty, what will you say? He then raised his forefinger towards the sky, pointed towards the people and said: Be my witness, O Allah! Be my witness, O Allah! That I have conveyed your message and discharged [the Prophethood] and given [wise and sincere] counsel to your people."

3. After the Prophet SAW delivered the 'Arafah Sermon, Bilal declared Adzan, then Iqamah, and the Prophet SAW led the Zuhur, Noon Prayer, performing two raka'ats. Then, another Iqamah was declared and the Prophet SAW led the Asar, Afternoon Prayer, performing two raka'ats. Between these two Prayers, the Prophet performed no supererogatory prayers, and during them he sub vocalized recitation.

4. The Messenger of Allah SAW then mounted his camel and came to the place where he was to stay. He turned his she-camel, Al-Qaswa', towards the rocks, with the pedestrian path in front of him, and there he turned his face towards the Qiblah.

ii. Standing at 'Arafah

Friday 9-12-10 A.H. 6-3-632 A.C.

1. The Prophet SAW stayed there until the sun set. The disk of the sun totally disappeared and the yellow lights diminished somewhat. In this position, Allah, Exalted and Almighty, sent down the following verse, "This day have I perfected your religion for you, completed My favor upon you, and have chosen for you Islam as your religion."

2. People had doubts whether the Messenger of Allah SAW was fasting or not. Thereupon, while the Prophet was standing at `Arafah, Umm Al-Fadl and Maimunah r.a sent him a cup of milk which he drank, while people were watching him. Accordingly, they were certain that one standing at 'Arafah needs not to observe Fasting.

3. Seeing some people stand at a distance from where he stood, the Messenger of Allah SAW sent them Zaid bin Marba` Al-Ansari to say to them, "I am the messenger of Allah's Prophet who tells you: Adhere to your rituals, for you are following the traditions set by your father Abraham."

4. While standing at 'Arafah, some people from Najd asked the Messenger of Allah SAW about Hajj. The Prophet SAW said, "Hajj is [staying at] 'Arafah; so whoever joins other pilgrims on the night [of Muzdalifah] before dawn, will be considered as having performed Hajj."

5. While staying at 'Arafah with the Prophet SAW, a person mounting his camel fell down and died. The Messenger of Allah SAW commanded that he should be shrouded in his own clothes, not to be perfumed, and to be washed with water and nabk. Neither his face nor his head should be covered, for Allah will raise him on the Day of Resurrection in the state of proclaiming Talbiah.

6. The Messenger of Allah SAW said, "The best supplication on the Day of 'Arafah and the best thing that I and the Prophets before me said is: There is no deity worthy of worship but Allah Alone. He has no partners. To Him alone belong the Kingdom and all praise. He has power over all things."

7. Al-Zubair bin Al- 'Awwam heard the Prophet reciting this verse, "There is no god but He: that is the witness of Allah, His angels, and those endued with knowledge, standing firm on justice. There is no god but Him, the Exalted in Power, the Wise."

8. Among the supplications attributed to the Prophet SAW on the Day of 'Arafah:

a. All praise belongs to You, O Allah! As we say and better than what we can say. O Allah! My prayers, my worship, my life and my death are all for You. To You is my return, to You belongs what I own. O Allah! I seek refuge with You from the torment of the grave, the evil thoughts, confusion, and from whatever the wind may bring, from the evil that takes place during the day or night, and from the affliction of Time.

b. O Allah! You hear my words, see my place, know my private and open counsels and nothing of mine is withheld from You. I am a wretched, poor, seeker of help and refuge. I confess my sin but ask You to forgive just like the poor [who begs from the rich]. I implore You importunely like the humble sinner. I render my supplications to You like a scared person might supplicate. Such supplications are uttered by one whose head is bowed to You in submission, to You his tears are shed. For Your sake he forsakes his body and denies his will.

c. There is no deity worthy of worship but Allah Alone. He has no partner.To Him belong the Kingdom and all praise, and He has power over all things. O Allah! Place light [guidance] in my heart, in my chest, in my ears, and in my sight. O Allah! Open my chest and ease my work. O Allah! I seek refuge with you from evil thoughts, from confusion, from the trial of the grave, from the evil that takes place during the day or night, from the evil carried by the winds, and from the affliction of Time.

d. O my Lord! Make me not unblessed in my supplications for You and be kind and merciful to me. O Allah! You are the best to be asked, the best Provider.

Saturday 10-12-10 A.H. 7-3-632 A.C

1. When the sun of the Day of 'Arafah had fully set and the yellow light totally disappeared, the Prophet had Usamah bin Zaid riding behind him.

2. The Prophet preceded neither fast nor slow, but when he found open space, he quickened his pace. Reaching a hillock, he slightly eased off the nosestring of his she-camel, so as to enable her to mount it. During his march, he kept on, never stopping proclaiming Talbiah.

3. He addressed the people, "O people! Adhere to tranquility! For rushing or making haste is not a virtue."

4. On the way, the Prophet SAW declined to a mountain pass on the left to urinate and perform slight ablution. Then Usamah said, "O Prophet of Allah! [Is it time for] Prayer?” Prophet said, "It will be performed at the time when we arrive in Muzdalifah."

Saturday 10-12-10 A.H. 7-3-632 A.C.

It is a stretch of land between Mina and Muzdalifah that belongs to neither of them. It was at this exact site that Allah sent down terror against the Companions of the Elephant.

It is a stretch of land between 'Arafah and The Sacred Monument.

* Between every two monuments there is a stretch of land that belongs to neither of them.
* Mina belongs to the Sacred Sanctuary and is also a monument.
* Muhassir belongs to the Sacred Sanctuary and is not a monument.
* Muzdalifah is both a Sanctuary and a monument.
* 'Uranah is neither a monument nor does it belong to the Sacred Sanctuary.
* 'Arafah is out of the Sanctuary but it is a monument.

iii. Staying in Al-Muzdalifah

Saturday 10-12-10 A.H. 7-3-632 A.C.

1- Upon reaching Al-Muzdalifah, the Messenger of Allah SAW stopped at a place near the fire on Quzah, where he performed a thorough ablution. Then he commanded that Adhan be declared and it was followed by Iqamah. The Prophet then performed the Sunset Prayer before people knelt their camels and arranged their belongings. When they settled their belongings, the Prophet commanded that Iqamah be declared, and then performed the Night Prayer without Adhan.

2- The Prophet SAW stayed until morning in Al-Muzdalifah without performing any night supererogatory Prayers.

3- In the early dawn, the weak pilgrims, children and women among who were Saudah and Umm Habibah, asked the Prophet to permit them to proceed to Mina ahead of the crowd and he granted them permission. This took place before dawn at the time when the moon was about to disappear.

4- The Messenger of Allah SAW commanded the young among the pilgrims not to throw the pebbles before dawn. He permitted the women to throw the pebbles before sunrise because they suffer more trouble in managing their affairs and because they need to be alone. Among those throwing the pebbles before the daybreak were Asma' bint Abi Bakr and Umm Salamah.

15. On To Mina

Saturday 10-12-10 A.H. 7-3-632 A.C.

1. When the dawn of the Feast Day broke, the Day of Sacrifice, the day of Greater Hajj, and the day when the denunciation of Allah and His Messenger from every polytheist was declared, Allah's Messenger SAW performed the Dawn Prayer at its early time. Then he rode his she-camel, Al- Qaswa', until he reached his position at Al-Mash`ar Al-Haram [the Sacred Monument]. He stood at Quzah and said, "The entire area of Muzdalifah is a suitable place to stay, but avoid the valley called Muhassir. He faced the Qiblah and began supplicating and raising his voice in exultation, glorification and Dhikr. He remained there until daylight spread before the sunrise.

2. There, 'Urwah bin Mudarris bin Al-Ta'i asked him, "O Messenger of Allah, I came from Mount Tai'. I exhausted my camel and myself as well. By Allah, I left no mountain without standing on it; will my Hajj be valid?" Allah's Messenger SAW said, "Whoever witnesses this Prayer of ours and stands with us until we leave this place, provided that he has already stood on `Arafah either at night or day, has then perfected his Hajj or completed the rites prescribed on him."

3. When he reached Juma', he said, "Verily, Allah has forgiven the righteous among you and allowed them to intercede for the sinners. Mercy descends, encompasses them and then dominates the earth so that it includes every repentant person who has guarded his tongue and hand [from sins]. Satan and his host are on 'Arafah anticipating what Allah will do with them. When [Allah's] mercy descends, he and his host will feel regret and loss. [He would say to his host,] 'For centuries, I used to seduce them so that mercy would not descend upon them; now it has descended.' Then they spread out feeling woe and regret."

4. Afterwards, the Prophet walked in a procession in Muzdalifah while pronouncing Talbiah, with Al-Fadl bin Al-'Abbas behind. Usamah bin Zaid was racing on foot in the procession of Quraish. Meanwhile, the Prophet SAW ordered Al-Fadl bin Al-'Abbas to pick seven pebbles for him [and he neither broke them from the mountain nor picked them at night as people do nowadays]. He picked seven pebbles in the size of peas. The Prophet then began dusting them off in his hand saying, "Use pebbles similar to these in throwing, and beware of exesses in your religion, for those before you were destroyed because of their exesses in religion."

5. On the Prophet's way, a beautiful woman from Khath'am stopped him and asked him about performing Hajj on behalf of her father who was too old to ride on a camel. The Prophet SAW gave her permission. Al-Fadl began casting glances at her and she returned them. Al-Fadl was handsome and fair with beautiful hair. The Prophet SAW put his hand on Al-Fadl's face, diverting it to the other side, so that neither he nor she could look at the other. Al-`Abbas said, "You have twisted your cousin's neck." The Prophet said, "I saw (in them) a young man and woman, and I felt that they were not safe from Satan."

6. Someone asked the Prophet SAW about his (the man's) mother and said, "She is a heavy old woman, so if I am to carry her (on the camel), she will not be able to hold on; and if I am to bind her, I fear I may kill her. The Prophet SAW said, "Behold, if she is indebted to anybody, would you clear her debt?" He replied in the affirmative, and the Prophet said, "Likewise, you can perform Hajj on behalf of your mother."

7. When he reached Muhassir Valley, he goaded his she-camel to hasten forward, as was his habit when passing by places in which Allah's torment had been sent upon His enemies.

8. Allah's Messenger SAW pursued the middle road that leads to Al-Jamrah Al-Kubra [the Greater Jamrah] until he reached Mina.

i. Jamrat Al-'Aqabah
Saturday 10-12-10 A.H. 7-3-632 A.C.

1. Jabir bin 'Abdullah said, "I saw Allah's Messenger SAW riding his she-camel on the Day of Sacrifice and instructing us, "Learn your rituals from me. I do not know whether I will be able to perform Hajj again or not."

2. The Prophet SAW continued proclaiming the Talbiah until he reached Jamrat Al-'Aqabah where he stopped pronouncing Talbiah. He stood at the bottom of the valley, putting the House on his left side, Mina on his right and facing Al-Jamrah. He threw the pebbles while riding after sunrise. He threw them one after the other, pronouncing the Takbir with each pebble. Bilal, Usamah bin Yazid and Al-Fadl bin Al-'Abbas were with him. Whereas Usamah was leading the she-camel, Bilal and Al-Fadl alternately shaded Allah's Messenger from the heat with a garment.

3. People gathered round and the Prophet SAW addressed them, "O People! Do not kill each other! When you throw pebbles, use pebbles in the size of a pea. Then he began to throw and people imitated him.

4. Describing the procession of Allah's Messenger SAW, Qudamah bin 'Abdullah Al-'Ala'i said, "Allah's Messenger SAW threw the pebbles of Al- `Aqabah at the bottom of the valley on the day of Sacrifice while he was riding a light-colored she-camel neither throwing them hard or slow, nor pushing or shoving others".

ii. Sermon in MINA

Saturday 10-12-10 A.H. 7-3-632 A.C.

1. Allah's Messenger SAW did not stop at Jamrat Al-'Aqabah. He returned to Mina and delivered a well-spoken sermon to explain to every group where to camp. He said, "The Muhajireen [Migrants] should camp here, and pointed to the right of the Qiblah; and the Ansar [Supporters] should camp here, pointing to the left of the Qiblah; then (the rest of) people would camp around them. He taught them their rituals. Even the ears of Mina's people were so opened wide [by Allah's Might] that they could hear the Prophet SAW in their houses.

2. In his sermon, the Prophet SAW asked, "O People! Which day is this?" They answered, "A sacred one." He asked, "And which city is this?" They answered, "A sacred one." He asked, "And which month is this?" They answered, "A sacred one." Then he said, "Verily, your blood, your property and your honor are sacred to you like the sacredness of this day of yours, in this city of yours, and in this month of yours." He repeated it many times, then raised his face to the sky and said, "O Allah! Have I delivered the Message? Have I delivered the Message? People replied, "O, yes." He said, "Woe unto you! Do not return after me to infidelity, some of you slitting the throats of others.

iii. Slaughtering in Mina
Saturday 10-12-10 A.H. 7-3-632 A.C.

1. Then, Allah's Messenger SAW went to slaughter his sacrificial animals in Mina. He informed his Companions that all Mina is a place for slaughtering and that all roads to Mecca are passageways and places to offer one's sacrifice. It is reported that he slaughtered sixty-three camels with a spear in his hand, and he slaughtered them with their left legs tied. Their number was identical to that of the years of his age (peace be upon him).

2. Thereupon he ceased slaughtering and commanded 'Ali bin Abi Talib to slaughter the rest of the one hundred camels, and ordered him to give their packsaddles, skins, and meat in charity to the needy. Also, he ordered `Ali not to give the butcher any portion of them as a payment and said, "We will pay him ourselves." Then he added, "He who desires may allot a portion to the butcher."

3. He took a portion from every camel and ordered it to be cooked in a pot and he ate from the meat and drank from the broth. Allah [Exalted be He] knows best.

4. Allah's Messenger SAW offered cows as a sacrifice on behalf of his wives.

5. People wanted to set up a building in Mina to shade Allah's Messenger from heat, but he said, "No, Mina is a place of stopover for any who arrives first."

iv. Shaving
Saturday 10-12-10 A.H. 7-3-632 A.C.

1. Upon completing the slaughtering, Allah's Messenger SAW summoned a barber called Mu'ammar to shave his head. Muslims came to take his hair while the barber was standing behind him. He SAW looked at the barber and said, "O Mu'ammar, Allah's Messenger has put his ears lobes under your hand that holds the razor." Mu'ammar said, "O Messenger of Allah! By Allah, this is among His favors and graces upon me." He said to the barber, "Shave!" and he pointed to the right side of his head. When the barber finished, the Prophet SAW distributed the hair among the attendants, then he pointed to the barber to shave the left side. After that he said, "O Abu Talhah! Take this." He gave his cut hair to Abu Talhah Al-Ansari to distribute it among people.

2. He shaved his head, trimmed his moustache and cheeks, clipped his nails and ordered that his cut hair and nails be buried.

3. When the Prophet finished shaving, Khalid bin Al-Walid asked him if he could take the forelock. He gave it to Khalid who put it in the front part of his cap. Thereafter, Khalid never met a body of warriors but conquered them [by the blessings of that forelock].

4. Most Companions of the Prophet SAW shaved their heads, and the rest only shortened their hair. So he said, "O Allah! Forgive those who shaved their heads." He repeated it three times and each time they said, "O Messenger of Allah! What about those who have shortened their hair?" In the forth time he said, "And [forgive] those who have shortened their hair.

5. After shaving, Allah's Messenger SAW perfumed himself, put on a sewn garment and people removed their Ihram.

6. A man asked, "O Messenger of Allah! I shaved my head before slaughtering my animal. [So what should I do?]" Allah's Messenger SAW said, "There is no harm, go and slaughter your animal." Another man asked, "O Messenger of Allah! I returned [from Mina] before slaughtering. [So what should I do?]" He replied, "There is no harm, go and shave." Whenever Allah's Messenger was asked about anything which had been done before or after its proper time, he said, "Do it [now], and there is no harm."

7. Allah's Messenger SAW sent ‘Abdullah bin Hudhafah Al-Sahmi, or Ka’ab bin Malik, to call upon people in Mina informing them that Allah's Messenger SAW had said, "We are in the days of eating, drinking, lawful intercourse and remembrance of Allah."

Saturday 10-12-10 A.H. 7-3-632 A.C.

1. Then, Allah's Messenger SAW returned to Mecca before noon, riding [his she-camel] with Mu'awiah bin Abi Sufyan seated behind him all the way from Mina to Mecca. After that, he performed Tawaf Ifadah [Return Circumambulation] which is called Tawaf Al-Ziyarah [Visit Circumambulation], and may also be called Tawaf Al-Sadr [Completion Circumambulation].

2. Allah's Messenger SAW circumambulated around the House mounting on his she-camel, touching the Corner of Black Stone with his stick, so that people could see and ask him, for people were gathered around him.

3. Concluding Circumambulation, he went to Zamzam and the sons of `Abdul-Muttalib were bringing forth water and offering it to people. He said, "O Sons of `Abdul-Muttalib! Only fearing that people might fight you for it, I would have come down and brought forth water with you."

4. Allah's Messenger SAW went to the Siqayah (place of drinking) and asked for water. Al-'Abbas said, "O Fadl! Go to your mother and bring a drink for Allah's Messenger SAW." He said, "Let me drink! Fadl's mother, "O Messenger of Allah! People have put their hands in it." He said, "Let me drink [from that which the people drink]." He drank from it, then went to Zamzam and drank [from it] while standing.

* On that day, ‘A'ishah r.a circumambulated just once and also in Sa’ie and that served the purpose for her Hajj and ‘Umrah.

* Safiah r.a circumambulated and then began to menstruate. Allah's Messenger SAW said: "That Circumambulation of hers availed her from performing Farewell Circumambulation which she did not perform."

1. Allah's Messenger performed the Noon Prayer in Mecca, and then returned to Mina. He found that people were waiting for him, so he led the Prayer for his Companions in Mina at the latest stated time of the Noon Prayer.

2. Allah's Messenger SAW spent Sunday night in Mina in anticipation of the Days of Tashriq.


Wednesday 14-12-10 A.H. 11-3-632 A.C.

Upon seeing Medina, the Prophet SAW uttered, "Allah-u-Akbar" thrice. He added, "Allah-u-Akbar, Allah-u-Akbar, Allah-u-Akbar; there is no god but Allah; He is the One Who has no partner; only His are the Sovereignty and the Praise and He is Omnipotent. [We are] returning, worshipping, prostrating and praising our Lord. Allah has fulfilled His promise, given victory to His servant, and defeated Al-Ahzab [the Confederates] alone." He invoked: O Allah! We seek refuge [with You] from the hardships of the journey and from finding evil changes on our return, or a sad disarray in our families, property and children. O Allah! Guide us to a goodly abode, leading to prosperity, with Your forgiveness and blessing.


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