Saturday, February 2, 2008

Polishing the Hearts

Ibn Qayyim al-Jawziyyah

An Islamic scholar, Ibn Al-Qayyim laid down a guidance [1] to polish the hearts based on the Quran versus like when Allah said: “O you who believe! Remember Allah and remember Him a lot”.

Allah the Most Exalted Says:

· "O you who believe! Remember Allah and remember Him a lot." [Surah al-Ahzab, 33:4I].
· "Those men and women who remember Allah a lot." [Surah al-Ahzab, 33:35].
· "So when you have concluded the rights of your Pilgrimage, then remember Allah as you remember your fore-father, or with more intense remembrance." [Surah al-Baqarah, 2:200].

These verses contain the command to remember Allah intensely and abundantly, since the worshipper is in dire need of [remembering Allah] and cannot do without it even for a twinkling of an eye. This is because every moment that a person does not spend in the dzikir (remembrance) of Allah will not be of any benefit to him. Rather, the harm entailed in being neglectful of the dzikir of Allah is far greater than any benefits that can be gained. One of the 'arifeen (those who are knowledgeable about Allah) said:"If a person were to spend such and such number of years engaged [in the dzikir of Allah], then he turns away from it for just a moment, what he will lose is far greater than whatever he has already gained."

Al-Baihaqi relates from 'Aishah radhiallahu 'anha that the Prophet Sallallahu 'alayhi wa sallam said:

"There is no time in which the son of Adam does not remember Allah in it, except that it will be a source of regret for him on the Day of Judgement" [2]

Mu'adz ibn Jabal radhiallahu 'anhu relates that the Prophet Sallallahu 'alayhi wa sallam said:
"The people of Paradise will not have any regrets except for those moments in which they were not engaged in the dzikir (remembrance) of Allah." [3]

Mu'adz ibn Jabal also relates that Allah's Messenger sallallahu 'alaihi wa sallam was asked: What action is the most beloved to Allah? So he replied:

"That you continue to keep your tongue moist with the dzikir of Allah, until you die." [4]

Polishing the Heart

Abu Darda radhiallahu 'anhu said: "For everything there is a polish and the polish for the heart is the dzikir of Allah".

Al-Baihaqi relates from Ibn 'Umar radhiallahu 'anhu that Allah’s Messenger sallallahu 'alaihi wa sallam said:

"For everything there is a polish, and the polish for the hearts is the dzikir (remembrance) of Allah. There is nothing more potent in saving a person from the punishment of Allah than the dzikir of Allah." It was said: Not even Jihad in the path of Allah. So he replied: "Not even if you were to continue striking with your sword until it breaks." [5]

There is no doubt that hearts becomes rusty just as copper and silver coins become rusty. The polish for [this rust] is the dzikir of Allah. This is because [dzikir] is like a polish [which polishes the heart] like a shiny mirror. When dzikir is left, the rust returns. But when dzikir resumes, then the heart is [again] polished.

And hearts become rusty due to two things:

(i) Neglecting remembering Allah, and
(ii) Committing sins.

The clean for those two things are:

(i) Seeking Allah's forgiveness and
(ii) Dzikir.

Confusing Truth with Falsehood

Whoever neglects [remembering Allah] most of the time, and then his heart will become rusty in accordance with how neglectful the person is. And when this [filthy] rust accumulates on the heart, then it no longer recognizes things as they really are. Thus, it views falsehood as if it is the truth and truth as if it is falsehood. This is because this rust darkens and confuses the heart's perception, and so it is unable to truly recognise things for what they really are. So as the rust accumulates, the heart gets blackened, and as this happens the heart becomes stained with this filthy rust, and when this occurs it corrupts the heart's perception and recognition of things. The heart [then] does not accept the truth nor does it reject falsehood, and this is the greatest calamity that can strike the heart. Being neglectful [of dzikir] and following of whims and desires is a direct consequence of such a heart, which [further] extinguish the heart's light and blinds its vision.

Allah the Exalted said:

"And do not obey him whose heart We have made to be neglectful of Our remembrance, one who follows his own whims and desires and whose affairs are furat [have gone beyond bounds and whose deeds have been lost]." [Surah Al-Kahfi, 18:28].

Qualities of Guidance

So when a worshipper desires to follow another person, and be cautious to see: Is the person is from the people of dzikir, or from the people who are negligent [about remembering Allah]? Does this person judge in accordance with his whims and desires, or by the Revelation? So, if he judges by whims and desires then he is actually from those people who are negligent; those whose affairs have gone beyond bounds and whose deeds are lost.

The term Furat [which occurs in the above verse] has been explained in many ways. It has been explained to mean:

(i) Losing the rewards of that type of action which is essential to do, and in which lies success and happiness;
(ii) Exceeding the limits of something;
(iii) Being destroyed; and
(iv) Opposing the truth.

Each of these sayings is very close in meaning to each other.

The point is that Allah - the One free from all imperfections, the Most High - has prohibited following all those who possess such attributes. So it is absolutely essential that a person considers whether such attributes are found in his Shaikh, or the person whose example he follows, or the person that he obeys. If they are, then he should distance himself from such a person. However, if it is found that the person is, in most cases, pre-occupied with the dzikir of Allah and with following the Sunnah, and his affairs do not exceed the limits, but rather he is judicious and resolute in his affairs, then he should cling to him very firmly.

Indeed, there is no difference between the living and the dead, except with the dzikir of Allah; since [the Prophet Sallallahu 'alayhi wa sallam] said:

"The example of one, who remembers Allah and someone who does not, is like the example between the living and the dead." [6]


1. AI-Waabilus-Sayyib min Kalimit-Tayyib (pp.78-82).
2. Hasan: Related by Abu Nu'aym in al-Hiliyatul-Awliya (51361-362). Authenticated by Shaikh al-Albani in Sahihul-Jaami' (no.5720).
3. Saheeh: Related by lbnus-Sunni in 'Aml al-Yawma wal-Laylah (no.3). Refer to Sahihul-Jaami' (no.5446).
4. Hasan: Related by lbn Hibban (no.2318). Authenticated by Shaikh Salim al-Hilali in Sahih al-Waabilus-Sayyib (p.80).
5. Sahih: Related by Ahmad (4/352), from Mu'adz ibn Jabal radhiallahu ‘anhu. It was authenticated by al-Albani in Sahihul-Jaami' (no.5644).
6. Related by al-Bukhari (11/208) and Muslim (1/539).


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