Wednesday, June 13, 2007

The World of Jinn.

Description: The Jinn is an independent and separate world, with its own distinct nature and features that are hidden from the world of humans. Both, Jinn and humans have two things in common, the tenure of thoughtful, and the preference between the way of good and evil.

Purpose of Existence.

The Quran and Sunnah have specified that the Jinn exist, like the angels and mankind, that the purpose for their existence is to worship only Allah the Almighty. Allah precisely stipulates:

"And I did not create the jinn and mankind except to worship Me." [Surah Adh-Dhariyat, 51:56]

"O company of jinn and mankind, did there not come to you Messengers from among you, relating to you my verses …?" [Surah Al-Anam, 6:130]

The world of the jinn is an independent and separate world, with its own distinct nature and features that are hidden from the world of humans. Jinn and humans have some things in common, such as the possession of understanding and the choice between the way of good and the way of evil. The word jinn come from an Arabic root meaning, "hidden from sight".

‘Before he took the path of sin, Iblis was with the angels and was called ‘Azazil. He was among the residents of the earth and was most active worshippers knowledgeable that the angels. This caused him to be arrogant. Iblis was from a genus of Jinn.’ [At-Tabari].

Allah Says: “Except Iblis [Satan]. He was one of the Jinn; he disobeyed the command of his Lord” [Surah Al-Kahf, 18:50]

"… Indeed, he [Satan] sees you, him, and his tribe, from where you do not see them. …" [Surah Al-‘Araf, 7:27]

Jinn Created From Fire

Allah has told us in the Quran the essence from which the jinn were created. It was revealed to us that Jinn were created from smokeless fire.

Allah Says: "And the jinn We created before from scorching fire." [Surah Al-Hijir, 15:27].

In addition, Allah says: "And He created the jinn from a smokeless flame of fire." [Surah Ar-Rahman, 55:15]

According to ‘Aishah the Prophet Muhammad SAW said: "The angels were created from light, the jinn were created from fire, and Adam was created from that which has been described to you [soil]." [Muslim]

Types of Jinn

Allah, the Most Exalted, has created different types of jinn. Among them are some that can take on different forms, such as dogs and snakes; some who are like flying winds with wings; and some that can travel and rest. The Messenger of Allah SAW said: "The jinn are of three types: a type that has wings, they fly through the air; a type that looks like snakes and dogs; and a type that stops for a rest then resumes its journey." [At-Tabrani]

The Jinn and the Children of Adam

Every individual among the Children of Adam has jinn who have been appointed his constant companion [Qarin]. Ibn Mas’ud said: "The Messenger of Allah said: "There is not one of you who does not have a jinn appointed to be his constant companion." They [companions] said: "And you too, O Messenger of Allah?" He said: "And me too, but Allah has helped me and he has submitted [became a Muslim], so that he only helps me to do fine." [Muslim]

Their Powers

Almighty Allah has given the jinn powers that He has not given to humans. He has told us about some of their powers, such as the ability to move and travel quickly. A genie from among the jinn guaranteed to the Prophet Suleiman [Solomon] that he would bring the throne of the Queen Sheba of Yemen to Jerusalem in a moment faster than that needed for a man to get up from where he was sitting. Allah says: "A powerful one from among the jinn said, “I will bring it to you before you rise from your place, and indeed, I am for this [task] strong and trustworthy.” Said one who had knowledge from the Scripture, “I will bring it to you before your glance returns to you.” And when [Solomon] saw it placed before him, he said, “This is from the favor of my Lord ...” [Surah An-Naml, 27:39-40]

The Food of the Jinn

The jinn eat and drink. Ibn Mas’ud said the "The Messenger of Allah SAW said: "One the jinn called me, and I went with him and recited Quran for them. He took me and showed me the traces of where they had been and the traces of their fires. They [his fellow jinn] asked him for food and he said: "You can have every bone on which the name of Allah has been mentioned that comes into your possession, as meat, and all the droppings as food for your animals." The Prophet SAW said: " So do not use [these things] for cleaning yourselves [after relieving oneself], for they are the food and provision of your brothers.'" [Muslim]

The believing jinn may eat any bone on which the name of Allah has been specified, because the Allah Messenger SAW did not permit them to have anything on which Allah's name has not been mentioned, those are for the disbelievers among the jinn.

The Beasts of the Jinn

According to the narration that was narrated by Ibn Mas'ud that we have quoted above, the jinn asked the Messenger for provision, and the Prophet SAW said to them: "…and [you can have] all the droppings as food for your animals."

The Dwelling of the Jinn

The jinn live on this earth where we do. They are mostly to be found in ruins and unclean places like bathrooms, dunghills, garbage dumps, and graveyards. Hence, the Prophet SAW taught us to take precautions when entering such places, by reciting the Athkar [supplications] prescribed by Islam. One of these was reported by Anas Ibn Malik who said: "When the Messenger of Allah used to relieve himself, he would say: "Allahumma inni a'uzhu bika min al-khubuthi wa'l-khabaa'ith [O Allah, I seek refuge with you from the evil ones, male and female].'" [Al-Bukhari]

Jinn: Muslims and Non-Muslims

Almighty Allah tells us in the Noble Quran that some of the jinn said: "And among us are Muslims [in submission to Allah], and among us are the unjust. In addition, whoever has become Muslim — those have sought out the right course. But as for the unjust, they will be, for Hell, firewood.’" [Surah Al-Jinn, 72:14-15]

The Muslims among the jinn are of different levels as regards righteousness and piety. Allah Says:

"And among us are the righteous, and among us are [others] not so; we were [of] divided ways." [Surah Al-Jinn, 72:11]

The story of the first jinn who became Muslim was narrated by 'Abdullah Ibn ‘Abbas who said: "The Prophet went out with a group of his Companions heading for the marketplace of 'Ukaath. This was when were prevented from getting any news from heaven, and shooting stars had been sent against them. The devils went back to their people, who said, 'What is the matter with you?' They said, 'We cannot get news from heaven, and shooting stars were sent against us.' Their people said, 'Nothing is stopping you from hearing news from heaven except some new event that must have happened. Go and look in the east and the west of the earth, and see if you can find out what it is that is stopping you from hearing news from heaven."

Those who went out in the direction of Tihamah came upon the Prophet SAW in [a place called] Nakhlah, when he was on his way to 'Ukaath, and found him leading his Companions in Fajar [dawn] prayer. When they heard the Quran, they listened to it and said, 'By Allah, this is what is stopping us from hearing news from heaven.' When they went back to their people, they said as Allah tells us in the Quran:

"Indeed, we have heard an amazing Quran [i.e. recitation]. It guides to the right course, and we have believed in it. And we will never associate with our Lord anyone." [Surah Al-Jinn, 72:1-2]

Then Allah revealed to His Prophet SAW the verse "Say, [O Muhammad], “It has been revealed to me that a group of the jinn listened and said, “Indeed, we have heard an amazing Quran..." [Al-Bukhari]

Their Reckoning on the Day of Resurrection

The jinn will be called to account on the day of Resurrection. Mujahid said, concerning the verse: "…but the jinn have already known that they [who made such claims] will be brought [to punishment]." [Surah As-Saffat, 37:158]

"They will be brought to judgement." [Al-Bukhari]

Protection from the Harm of the Jinn

Because the jinn can see us while we cannot see them, the Prophet SAW taught us many ways to protect ourselves from their harm, such as seeking refuge with Allah from the accursed Syaitan [Satan], reciting chapters Al-Falaq and An-Nas [the last two Surahs of the Quran], and reciting the words taught by Allah in the Quran:

"And say, “My Lord, I seek refuge in You from the incitements of the devils. And I seek refuge in you, my Lord, lest they be present with me." [Surah Al-Mu’minun, 23:97-98]

Saying Bismillah [in the Name of Allah] before entering one's home, before eating or drinking, and before having intercourse with one's spouse will also keep the devil from entering the house or partaking with a person in his food, drink and sexual activity.

Similarly, mentioning the name of Allah before entering the toilet or taking off one's clothes will prevent the jinn from seeing a person's private parts or harming him, as the Prophet SAW said: "To put a barrier that will prevent the jinn from seeing the 'Aurat [parts of the body that must be covered in Islam] of the Children of Adam, let any one of you say 'Bismillah' when entering the toilet." [At-Tirmidzi]

Strength of faith and religion in general will also prevent the jinn from harming a person, so much, so that if they were to fight, the one who has faith would win. 'Abdullah Ibn Mas’ud said: "A man from among the Companions of Muhammad met a male jinni. They wrestled, and the man knocked down the jinn. The man said to him, 'You look small and skinny to me, and your forearms look like the front paws of a dog. Do all the jinn look like this, or only you?' He said, 'No, by Allah, among them I am strong, but let us wrestle again, and if you defeat me I will teach you something that will do you good.' The man said, 'Fine.' He [the jinn] said, ‘Recite: “Allah! There is no god but He, the Living, the Self-subsisting, Eternal. No slumber can seize Him nor sleep. His are all things in the heavens and on earth. Who is there can intercede in His presence except as He permitteth? He knoweth what [appeareth to His creatures as] Before or After or Behind them. Nor shall they compass aught of His knowledge except as He willeth. His Throne doth extend over the heavens and the earth, and He feeleth no fatigue in guarding and preserving them for He is the Most High, the Supreme [ in glory ]” i.e the Ayatul Kursi [Surah Al-Baqarah, 2: 255].The man said, 'Fine.' He said, 'You would recite this in your house but the Satan will vanish of it like a donkey breaking wind, and he will never come back in until the next morning.'" [Ad-Dharimi]


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