The Quraish Attempt to Stop the Call
By Ben Al-Hussaini
In the name of Allāh, the Most Gracious, the Most Merciful;
All the praise and Thanks ise due to Allāh, the Lord of the al-‘ālameen. I testify that there is none worthy of worship except Allāh, and that Muhammad, sallallāhu ‘alayhi wa sallam is His Messenger.
Description: Tension between Prophet Muhammad (sallallāhu ‘alayhi wa sallam) and Quraish gradually increased, as Muhammad’s spiritual influence spread.
Methods Devised By the Quraish.
Having observed that the Call of Prophet Muhammad (sallallāhu ‘alayhi wa sallam) had been rising to the new level which was conducted in the open, the Quraish, in their attemp to suppress him had adopted several means :
1. Touting, degrading, ridiculing, belying and mocking against the new converts and Muhammad (sallallāhu ‘alayhi wa sallam) in particular with the aim to dispel their spirit and struggle into despair.
They put their efforts to degrade The Prophet (sallallāhu ‘alayhi wa sallam) as a man possessed by a jinn or insane person:
“And they say, O you (Muhammad, sallallāhu ‘alayhi wa sallam) to whom the Dzikir (the Qur’ān) has been sent down: Verily, you a mad man.”
[Surah An-Nahl, 15: 6]
And as liar practicing witchcraft:
“And they (Arab pagans) wonder that a warner (Prophet Muhammad, sallallāhu ‘alayhi wa sallam) has come to them from among themselves! And the disbelievers say: “This (Prophet Muhammad ,sallallāhu ‘alayhi wa sallam) is sorcery, a liar,”
[Surah An-Nur, 38:4]
They looked at him as if they could scare him or suppressed him from his firmness and steadfast; they used all sort of terms to abuse him:
“And verily, those who disbelieve would almost make you slip with their eyes through hatred when they hear the Reminder (the Qur’ān) and they say: ‘Verily, he (Muhammad, sallallāhu ‘alayhi wa sallam) is a mad man!’”
[Surah Al-Qalam, 68:51]
2. Distorting Muhammad’s teaching, creating doubts, circulating false propaganda, forging groundless allegations concerning his message, person and character and going to access in such a manner in order to screen off any scope of sound consideration from the public.
In respect of Qur’ān they used to allege that it was:
“Tales of the ancients, which he (Muhammad, sallallāhu ‘alayhi wa sallam) has written down, and they are dictated to him morning and afternoon”
[Surah Al-Furqan, 25: 5]
The wicked persons went on ceaselessly putting in people’s ears that the Qur’ān was not the true Revelation:
“This (the Qur’ān) is nothing but a lie that he (Muhammad, sallallāhu ‘alayhi wa sallam) has invented, and others have helped him in it.”
[Surah Al-Furqan, 25:4]
They also raised another baseless and superficial objection against Prophet Muhammad (sallallāhu ‘alayhi wa sallam):
“Why does this Messenger (Muhammad, sallallāhu ‘alayhi wa sallam) eat food and walk about in the markets (like us)?”
[Surah Al-Furqan, 25:7]
Qur’ān has strongly negated their allegations and has explained that the statements of the Prophet Muhammad (sallallāhu ‘alayhi wa sallam) are the Revelations of Allāh, and their nature and contents provide a bold challenge to those who attributes his Prophetic expressions; at times to the mental fits of a dreaming reformer, at others to the feelings of an obsessed poet or the unclear mutterings of an insane man.
3. Contrasting the Qur’ān with methodology of the ancients in order to distract people’s interests from Allāh’s Words.
It is narated that An-Nadir bin Harith, went to Heerah where he learnt the traditions of the king of Persia and accounts of people like Rustum and Isphandiyar, and returned to Makkah. He would shadow the steps of the Prophet (sallallāhu ‘alayhi wa sallam) in wherever meeting the later held to preach the new faith and to remind people against Allāh wrath. An-Nadir would follow the Prophet (sallallāhu ‘alayhi wa sallam) and narrate to the same audience the tales about people of Persia and asked the audience whether he had surpassed the Prophet (sallallāhu ‘alayhi wa sallam).  Ibn ‘Abbas (radiyallāhu’anhu) related that An-Nadir would also engage beautiful female singers to entice away from Prophet (sallallāhu ‘alayhi wa sallam) gatherings of Call.
Allāh has revealed:
“And of mankind is he who purchases idle talks (i.e music, singing, etc) to misled (men) from the path of Allāh.”
[Surah Ar-Raad, 13:6]
Tension in the city increased gradually, month by month, as the spiritual influence Prophet (sallallāhu ‘alayhi wa sallam) spread, undermining the hegemony of the elders of Quraish and bringing division into their families. This influence became even more dangerous to the established order when the content of the successive revelations was broadened to include denunciation of the callousness of the Makkan plutocracy, their greed for ‘more and more’ and their avarice.
And Allāh Almighty Knows best.
1. Ibn Hisham 1/299, 300, 358
See: Prophet Muhammad. 9.