Bidding Ramadhan Farewell
By Tajuddin Shu’aib
In the name of Allāh, the Most Gracious, the Most Merciful;
All the praise and Thanks are due to Allāh, the Lord of the al-ā’lamīn. I testify that there is none worthy of worship except Allāh, and that Muhammad, sallallāhu alayhi wa sallam, is His Messenger.
Allah Subhanahu Wa Ta'ala has mandated on us three acts to observe at the end of Ramadhan.Zakatul-Fitr, Takbir, and 'Eid Prayer.
Allah Subhanahu Wa Ta'ala has ordained upon the believers the utterance of takbir, "Allah is the Greatest," at the conclusion of the month, Ramadan. Takbir should start on the eve of 'Eid at sunset and it continues until the time of 'Eid prayer.
Allah Subhanahu Wa Ta'ala said:
"...And complete the prescribed period and glorify Allah in that He has guided you and perchance you shall be grateful." ( Al-Baqarah, 2:185)
The takbir, Allah is the Greatest, is a superlative form indicating there is nothing in the creation that is bigger or greater than Allah.
Everything in creation, things, ideas, institutions and planes, etc., pale into insignificance in the sight of Allah. This utterance is the believer's victory and national anthem upon the forces of evil, low desires, and our faith affirmation, song of obedience, and gratitude to Allah Subhanahu Wa Ta'ala
Takbir is always said when a Muslim reaches the summit, physical or spiritual, as in the completion of fast at the end of Ramadhan. It takes greatness and remarkable inner strength to win one against the forces of evil, and the greatness goes to Allah.
La illaha illallahu Wallahu Akbar
Allahu Akbar Wa lillahil hamd.
(Allah is the Greatest, Allah is the Greatest. There is no deity worthy of worship but Allah, and Allah is greatest. Allah is the Greatest and all praise is due to Allah)
It is recommended for men to say the takbir loud in the Masjid, homes, and market places as a sign of glorification of Allah, and expression of our gratitude and worship to Him. Women, however, should say it silently. Wouldn't it be excellent to see that the Muslim environment is charged with the glorification of Allah? Instead of neon lights, and outdoor decorations, and honking the horns of cars, Takbir is our outward sign of the festivity.
The 'Eid ul - Fitr is another important obligation after Ramadhan and Sunnah of the Prophet.