The Obligation of Loving All Muslims
By Imam Nawawi
In the name of Allāh, the Most Gracious, the Most Merciful;
All the praise and Thanks is due to Allāh, the Lord of al-‘ālameen. I testify that there is none worthy of worship except Allāh, and that Muhammad, Sallallāhu ‘alayhi wasallam, is His Messenger
Abu Hamzah Anas bin Malik, (radiyallahu 'anhu), who served the Messenger of Allah, (Sallallahu ‘alayhi wasallam), reported that the Prophet, (Sallallahu ‘alayhi wasallam), said: "None of you truly believes (in Allah and in His religion) until he loves for his brother what he loves for himself" [Al-Bukhari and Muslim]
The Prophet, (Sallallahu 'alayhi wasallam), said:"The servant does not reach the reality of faith until he loves for others what he loves for himself." [Musnad of Imam Ahmad]
In Sahih Muslim from Abdullah Ibn Amr Al-‘Ass, the Prophet, (Sallallahu 'alayhi wasallam), said:"…..Whoever wishes to be delivered from the fire and enter the garden should die with faith in Allah and the Last Day and should treat the people as he wishes to be treated by them…"[Sahih Muslim; Book 020, Number 4546]
These three hadiths carry similar meanings that are to love for other Muslims what one loves for oneself. They lay down a very significant principle of behaviour of Muslims with each other. A true Islamic community is when it is built upon love and compassion for its members. Every member should care for and help one another. They should treat others in ways they want to be treated.
It is a community with no barriers among the races, colour, mazhab or group or ranks in implementing this Islamic concept of brotherhood and love. All these barriers must be removed for this concept to be realized. Other barriers to be removed include jealousy, selfishness and envy.
Loving goodness for others is part of loving them. We love good things for them as much as we love those things for ourselves. We treat them the way we want them to treat us.
Part of good treatment of others are excusing them and giving them fair chances. For example, if a person commits a mistake, then we should find excuses for them and not jump to conclusions. There are many possibilities or ways for us to excuse others who have committed mistakes, and hence enabling us to live peacefully and avoid confrontations.
When we deal with other Muslims in the community, we should deal in the best manner. We should choose the best words in our conversation. Allah says:"O you who believe! Keep your duty to Allah and fear Him, and speak always the right word"[Surah Al-Ahzab, 33: 70]
"And tell My servants that they should always say those words that are the best. Satan verily sows a state of conflict and disagreements among them." [Surah Al-Isra' (17): ayat 53]
Good words can minimize quarreling and confrontations among the members of the society.
Mercy and compassion should exist in our treatment of others. This is related to a very important concept in Islam, which is Al-Wala'. The relationship among the Muslim community members is based on this concept of Al-Wala'. It does not only mean protection, but it also encompasses love, care and help. These are the four aspects of Al-Wala' normally mentioned by the scholars. These aspects are interdependent with each other. For example, to care for others comes after the loving of others. Therefore, in relation to the hadith, Muslims must also love and care about other Muslims.
Another important issue is not to be arrogant. This comes in many forms (as mentioned by the scholars) such as belittling others, looking down on others, looking at oneself as being more superior or better than others, etc.
The Prophet, (Sallallahu 'alayhi wasallam), said:"He who has in his heart the weight of a mustard seed of pride shall not enter Paradise." A person (amongst his hearers) said: "Verily, a person loves that his dress should be fine, and his shoes should be fine." He (the Prophet, (Sallallahu 'alayhi wasallam) remarked: "Verily, Allah is Graceful and He loves Grace. Pride disdains the truth (out of self-conceit) and contempt for the people." [Sahih Muslim: Book 001, Number 0164]
“Arrogance” is the opposite of humbleness and it is “a serious flaw” in the sight of Allah Almighty.
Allāh Subhānahu wata‘ala states: “…Indeed, He does not like the arrogant.” [An-Nahl, 16:23]
In another verse Allāh Subhānahu wata‘ala states: “And turn not your cheek away from people in false pride, and walk not haughtily on earth: for, behold, Allah does not love anyone who, out of self- conceit, acts in a boastful manner.” [Al-Qasas 28: 83];
Allah states those who humbles will be blissful on the Day of Judgements: “As for that happy life in the hereafter, We grant it only to those who do not seek to exalt themselves on earth, nor yet to spread corruption.” [Luqman, 31:18]
Allah Almighty ordered ordered the Prophet (Sallallāhu ‘alayhi wasallam) to: “spread the wings of your tenderness over the believers.” [Al-Hijr 15: 88]
The “spreading the wings of tenderness” is the same expression that Allah used for the attitude of a believer with his or her parents: “And serve Allāh. Ascribe nothing as partner unto Him. (Show) kindness unto parents…” [An-Nisā’, 4: 36] In another verse: “And spread over them humbly the wings of tenderness.” [Al-Isrā’ 17: 24] This is the highest rank of humbleness.
Therefore we need to be humble and show mercy to others. Part of loving goodness for others is to practice mutual consultation, enjoining goodness and forbidding evil. The advice is to be done in a good way, based on loving them and not for seeking personal interest. The Prophet, (Sallallahu 'alayhi wasallam), also used to show his love of others when giving advice to them. It may also be good to explicitly tell the listeners that the reason we are advising them is because we love them and we care for them. If an advice is specific for a person, then it should be done in private to avoid offending the person.
Fudhayl ibn Iyad (rahimahullāh) went one step higher in putting this hadith into practice. He mentioned that we should not only wish others to be like us but also to wish them to be better than us. However, he said that this is not obligatory (wajib).
Ibn Rajab (rahimahullāh) said that we should wish other Muslims to be better than us in worshipping (ibadah) and manners (akhlaq), but at the same time we should wish for ourselves to be better than what we are now. It is not good enough to just wish for something good for other Muslims but at the same time we are deficient and not striving to be better Muslims ourselves. It is from the goodness that we have attained that we also love for other Muslims to have. It is not fair to them that we wish for them to attain the same deficiency that we have in ourselves. Therefore, it is a matter of continuous competition among us to attain the goodness.
A related contemporary issue is about the brotherhood in Islam. What criterion should be used in deciding who are the brothers in Islam that they deserve our support? There are many Muslims in the world today, but many of them are weak in iman and violating some principles of Islam. In the past, these people were dissociated by the scholars because they were the minority. However, today it is less appropriate to apply this same principle of disassociation and therefore people with the minimum level of Islam should be considered brothers in Islam. Hence we should care for them and love for them what we love for ourselves. For example, if they commit a sin then we love for them that they leave the sinful act. We should advise them out of our love for them.
This hadith can be practiced at any level, any time and with any Muslim. It can be practiced in different manners, in the form of advising, giving charity, enjoining goodness and forbidding evil.
In practicing the hadith, the various aspects of the hadith and the inter-related concepts must be observed. A concept cannot be observed in isolation as it may cause misunderstanding and incorrect application of the concept itself.
[Excerpted from “Hadith No: 13 - The Obligation of Loving All Muslims, 40 Hadiths of Imam Nawawi”
Via IC Truth]