Conditions of Duā’ Would Be Accepted By Allāh
Muhammad ibn Ibrahim al-Hamad
What are the conditions of duā’ so that would be answered and accepted by Allāh?
In the name of Allāh, the Most Gracious, the Most Merciful;
All praise and thanks is due to Allāh, the Lord of al-‘ālameen. I testify that there is none worthy of worship except Allāh, and that Muhammad, Sallallāhu ‘alayhi wasallam is His Messenger.
There are many conditions of duā’, are including the following:
1. To ask upon no one except Allāh alone.
The Prophet (Sallallāhu ‘alayhi wasallam) said: “If you ask, then ask from Allāh, and if you seek help, then seek the help of Allāh.” [Narrated by al-Tirmidzi, 2516: sahih]
Allāh Says: “And the masajid are for Allāh (Alone), so invoke not anyone along with Allāh” [Al-Jinn, 72:18]
This is the most important condition of duā’, without which no duā’ will be accepted and no good deed taken up. There are some people who make duā’ to the dead and regard them as intermediaries between them and Allāh. They claim that these righteous people will bring them closer to Allāh and intercede for them with Him, and they claim that their sins are so great that they have no status before Allāh, and that is why they set up these intermediaries and pray to them instead of Allāh. But Allāh says:
“And when My slaves ask you (O Muhammad) concerning Me, then (answer them), I am indeed near (to them by My Knowledge). I respond to the invocations of the supplicant when he calls on Me (without any mediator or intercessor)”
2. You should seek to draw close to Allāh in one of the ways that are prescribed in syarī’ah.
3. Be Patient and should avoid seeking a quick response.
This is one of the cause that may prevent the duā’ from being accepted. In the hadith it says: “One of you may be answered so long as he is not hasty and says, ‘I said duā’ but I got no response.’” [Narrated by Al-Bukhari, 6340; Muslim, 2735.]
The Prophet (Sallallāhu ‘alayhi wasallam) said: “A man’s (duā’) may be answered so long as it does not involve sin or severing the ties of kinship or hastening.” It was said: “O Messenger of Allāh, what does hastening mean?” He said: “When he says, ‘I made duā’ and I made duā’ but I did not see any response,’ so he gets discouraged and stops making duā’.” [Narrated by Muslim (2736)]
4. The duā’ should not entail sin or severing of the ties of kinship.
The hadith as quoted above: “A man’s (duā’) may be answered so long as he does not involve sin or severing the ties of kinship …”
5. You should believe positively of Allāh.
The Prophet (Sallallāhu ‘alayhi wasallam) said: “Allāh, the Exalted, says: ‘I am as My slave thinks I am.’” [Narrated by Al-Bukhari, 7405; Muslim, 4675].
According to the hadith of Abu Hurayrah (radiallāhu`anhu): “Make duā’ to Allāh when you are certain of a response.” [Narrated by al-Tirmidzi: hasan]
Whoever thinks well of his Lord, Allāh will bestow His bounty upon him and give him in abundance.
6. You should be focused, aware of the greatness of Allāh.
The Prophet (Sallallāhu ‘alaihi wa sallam) said: “Know that Allāh does not answer a duā’ from a distracted heart.” [Narrated by al-Tirmidzi, 3479: hasan]
7. Ensuring that one’s food comes from halal sources.
Allāh says: “Verily, Allāh accepts only from those who are Al-Muttaqun (the pious)” [Al-Ma’idah, 5:27]
The Prophet (Sallallāhu ‘alayhi wasallam) stated that a response was unlikely for one who eats drinks and wears haram things. In the hadith it says: [The Prophet (Sallallāhu ‘alayhi wasallam)] mentioned the man who undertakes a lengthy journey and is disheveled and covered with dust, and he stretches his hands towards heaven saying, ‘O Lord, O Lord,’ when his food is harām, his drink is harām, his clothes are harām. He is nourished with harām, so how can he be granted a response? [Narrated by Muslim, 1015]
Ibn al-Qayyim (rahimahullah) said: Thus eating harām things saps the strength of the duā’ and weakens it.
8. You should avoid elements of aggression in duā’, for Allāh does not like aggression in duā’.
Allāh says: “Invoke your Lord with humility and in secret. He likes not the aggressors” [Al-A’rāf, 7:55]
9. You should not let duā’ distract you from an obligatory duty.
A duty such obligatory prayer that is due, and you should not neglect parents’ rights on the basis of duā’. This is indicated by the story of Juraij, when he did not answer his mother’s call and turned instead to his prayer. She prayed against him and Allāh tested him sorely.
Imam Al-Nawawi (rahimullāh) said: The scholars said: This indicates that what he should have done is to answer her, because he was offering a supererogatory (nāwafil prayer), continuation of which was voluntary, not obligatory, whereas answering his mother and honouring her was obligatory and disobeying her was haram. [Sahih Muslim bi Sharh al-Nawawi, 16/82]
And Allāh Almighty knows best.
And Allāh Almighty knows best.
[ See: Kitab al-Duā’ by Muhammad ibn Ibrahim al-Hamad].
[Via Islam Q&A]