Sunday, July 1, 2007

Believers on Judgment Day

Description: On the Day of Resurrection every human would have to assemble and are subjected to a Judgement [ Hisab ]. All are accountable for every of their single deeds. All Some of the qualities of the faithful that will ease their passage to the gates of Paradise.

By Banu Salleh

On the Day of Judgment Allah the Exalted Says:

“That Day, a man shall flee from his brother; from his mother and his father; from his wife and his children. For on that Day, every man will have enough to make him indifferent to others.” (Surah At-Takwir, 80:34-37)

The Hour of Resurrection will be a terrifying, overwhelming event. Yet, despite its trauma, the believer will be ecstatic, just as Prophet Muhammad, Peace and Blessing Upon him, related from his Lord:

God says, “By My Glory and Majesty, I will not give My slave two securities and two terrors. If he feels secure from Me in the world [ In the sense that he does not fear God’s punishment and thus commits sins.], I will instill fear in him on the Day when I gather My slaves together; and if he fears Me in the world, I will make him feel safe on the Day when I gather My slaves together.”[Silsilah Al-Sahihah.]

“Unquestionably, for the allies of God there will be no fear concerning them, nor will they grieve: those who believed and used to fear God (in this life); for them are good tidings in the worldly life and in the Hereafter. No change is there in the words of God. Indeed in that is the great success.” (Suruh Yunus 10:62-64)

All Assemble Before Allah Almighty.

On the Day of Resurrection all mankind, right from Adam to the last man to be created, shall be presented before the Allah Almighty and subjected for the Judgment.

As He, The Most Exalted Says: “And they shall be presented before their Lord in rows.” [Surah Al-Kahf, 18: 48].

The Prophet SAW said, “Mankind will be subjected to three disclosures on the Day of Resurrection. The [first] two exposures shall be disputation and excuses, but at the third [exposure], the scrolls [of deeds] will be distributed, and then some would take them in their right hands, others in their left.” [At-Tirmidzi]

So, the first time, people would be disputing with one another: the weak with the tyrants who hindered them from faith, the tyrants responding that they are, in the final analysis, not to be blamed, for each individual believes or disbelieves by his or her own conscious decision. The disbelievers will deny the prophets came to them. At the second exposure, people will acknowledge their wrongs, and would seek excuses. With the third exposure, the books of deeds will be distributed amongst them. Receiving the book in the right hand signifies success, while receiving it in the left hand or behind one’s back signifies failure.

Allah Says: "O mankind, indeed you are laboring toward your Lord with [great] exertion and will meet it. Then as for he who is given his record in his right hand. He will be judged with an easy account. And return to his people in happiness. But as for he who is given his record behind his back. He will cry out for destruction. And [enter to] burn in a Blaze." [Surah Al-Insyiqaq, 84: 6-12]

An Elite Group Shaded under the Throne Allah.

When all humans ever created are gathered to stand naked and uncircumcised on a great plain under the ferocious scorching heat of the Sun, an elite group of pious men and women will be shaded under the Throne of God. The Prophet Muhammad SAW foretold just who these fortunate souls will be, on that Day when no other shade will avail: [ Sahih Al-Bukhari.]

• A just ruler who did not abuse his power, but established divinely revealed justice among people

• A young man who grew up worshipping his Lord and controlled his desires in order to remain chaste

• Those that hearts were attached to the Mosques, longing to return every time they left them

• Those who loved one another for God’s sake

• Those who were tempted by seductively beautiful women, but their fear of God stopped them fromsinning

• The one who spend sincerely for God’s sake, keeping their charity secret

• The one who wept out of God’s fear in solitude

Specific acts of worship will also keep people safe on that day, namely:

• Efforts in this world to relieve the woes of the distressed, to help the needy, and to overlook the mistakes of others will relieve people’s own distress on Judgment Day [Sahih Al-Bukhari.]

• Leniency shown to the indebted [Mishkat.]

• The just who are fair to their families and matters entrusted to them [ Sahih Muslim.]

• The one who controls anger [Musnad.]

• Whoever calls to prayer [Solah]. [ Sahih Muslim.]

• Growing old while in a state of Islam [Jami al-Sagheer.]

• Performs ritual ablution (wudu’) regularly and properly [ Sahih Al-Bukhari.]

• Those that fight alongside Jesus son of Mary against the Anti-Christ and his army [ Ibn Majah.]

• Martyrdom

God will bring the believer close to Him, shelter him, cover him, and ask him about his sins. After acknowledging his sins he will believe he is doomed, but God will say:

“I concealed it for you in the world, and I forgive it for you this Day.”

He will be rebuked for his shortcomings, [ Mishkat.] but will then be handed his record of good deeds in his right hand. [Sahih Al-Bukhari.] A sign that they are from the inhabitants of Paradise, as opposed to those who will be given their record of deeds in their left hands or behind their backs.

Questions of the Reckoning.

Every single individual would be questions would be asked on:

All Deeds: Allah Says: “So by your Lord, We will surely question them all. About what they used to do.” [Surah Al-Hijir, 15: 92-93]

• About The Message: “Then We will surely question those to whom [a message] was sent, and We will surely question the Messengers.” [ Surah Al-‘Araf, 7: 6]The people will be questioned about whether messengers came to them, and how they responded to them. The messengers themselves will be questioned about whether they conveyed the message.

• The Testimony of Faith: As the Prophet SAW said: “You will be asked about (the testimony of faith): ‘La ilaha illallah (none is worthy of worship but Allah)’” [At-Tirmidzi]

The Prophet SAW said: “The feet of a slave will not move on the Day of Judgement until he has been questioned about [ four things:] his life – how he spent it, his knowledge – how he acted upon it, his wealth – where he earned it and how he spent it, and his body – how he used it.” [At-Tirmidzi]

The Life : “…..his life – how he spent it…” [At-Tirmidzi]

Knowledge: “…his knowledge – how he acted upon it….” [At-Tirmidzi],

• Wealth: “….his wealth – where he earned it and how he spent it” [At-Tirmidzi]

• Body: “…. and his body – how he used it.”[At-Tirmidzi]

• The Delights or Pleasure : Allah Almighty Says: “Then on that Day you shall be asked about pleasure (you indulged in, in this world)!” [Surah At-Takathur, 102:8]

The Hearing, Sight, Heart and Mind: Allah Almighty Says: “And do not pursue that of which you have no knowledge. Indeed, the hearing, the sight and the heart- about all those [one] will be questioned (by Allah)...” [Surah Al-Isra’, 17: 36]

• The Five-Daily Solah: The Prophet SAW said “The first thing which the servants will be questioned on the Day of Resurrection will be his prayer. If it is in order, then he shall have prospered and succeeded, while if it is impaired, then he shall have failed and be ruined.” [At-Tirmidzi]

• Those Under One's Care: Allah Almighty Says: “O you who have believed! Protect yourselves and your families from a Fire whose fuel is people and stones...” [Surah At-Tahrim, 66: 6]

The Prophet SAW said: “Every one of you is a guardian, and every one of you will be asked about those under his care. The man is a guardian over his family, and will be questioned about those under his care. The woman is a guardian over her husband’s house, and will be questioned about that under her care. The slave is a guardian over his master’s property, and will be questioned for that under his care.” [Al-Bukhari and Muslim]

• The Intentions : Allah Almighty Says: “Whoever desires the life of this world and its adornments — We fully repay them for their deeds therein, and they therein will not be deprived.” [Surah Hud, 11:15-16]. Since deeds are judged according to their intentions, these people received what they had sought through these deeds, and so they will not receive reward for them on the Day of Judgment. Hence, they will be dragged into Hell on their faces.Every single man will be brought to account for their deeds, as well as for their resolved intentions.

Allah Almighty Says: “Indeed, to Us is their return. Then indeed, upon Us is their account." [Surah Al-Ghasiyah, 88: 25-26].

The Prophet said: “When two Muslims encounter one another with their swords, the murderer and the murdered shall be in the Fire.” [Al-Bukhari and Muslim]

The murdered individual will also enter the Hell-Fire because he was intent on killing his brother. However, out of the Grace of Allah, we are excused for fleeting thoughts which we do not consciously entertain or sustain, nor verbalize.

Allah Says: “Allah does not charge a soul except [with that within] its capacity” [Surah Al-Baqarah, 2: 286]

The Prophet has said: “Allah has forgiven my Nation, for those things which their hearts whisper to them.” [Al-Bukhari and Muslim]

In a long narration reported by Muslim we are told that the men whose cases shall be judged first on the Day of Resurrection shall be a man who was martyred, a man who acquired knowledge and taught it and who recited the Quran, and a man to whom Allah had been generous and given many varieties of wealth. These men will acknowledge Allah’s favors upon them, and will claim that they did these deeds for His sake. They will be exposed as liars, for they did not do these deeds for the sake of Allah.

The man who was martyred had been fighting in order to be called brave, the scholar or reciter of the Quran had acted thus in order to gain a reputation as such, and the benefactor had sought recognition as a generous person.

Record of Deeds

“Then as for he who is given his record in his right hand, he will be judged with an easy account and return to his people in happiness.” (Surah Al-Inshiqaq, 84:7-8)

Happy to look at his record, he will announce his joy:

“So as for he who is given his record in his right hand, he will say, ‘Here, read my record! Indeed, I was certain that I would be meeting my account.’ So he will be in a pleasant life – in an elevated Garden, its [fruit] to be picked hanging near. [He will be told], ‘Eat and drink in satisfaction for what you put forth in the days past.’” (Surah Al-Haqqah, 69:19-24)

Al-Mizan [ Weight onThe Scale]

The record of good deeds will then be weighed, literally, to determine whether it outweighs the person’s record of bad deeds, and so that reward or punishment be meted out accordingly.

“And We place the scales of justice for the Day of Resurrection, so no soul will be treated unjustly at all. And if there is [any deed even] the weight of a mustard seed, We will bring it forth. And sufficient are We to take account.” (Surah Al-Anbiya, 21:47)

“So whoever worked even an atom’s weight of good will see (the good fruits of his labor).” (Surah Az-zalzala, 99:7)

“The heaviest thing that will be placed in a person’s Balance on the Day of Resurrection [after the testimony of Faith] is good manners, and God hates the obscene, immoral person.” (Al-Tirmidzi)

The believers will quench their thirst from a special reservoir dedicated to the Prophet Muhammad. Whoever drinks from it shall never experience thirst again. Its beauty, immenseness, and sweet, fine taste have been described in detail by the Prophet.

The believers in Islam – both the sinful amongst them and the pious – as well as the hypocrites will be left in the great plain after the unbelievers are driven to Hell. A long bridge traversing the Hellfire and engulfed in darkness will separate them from Paradise.[ Sahih Muslim.] The faithful will take strength and comfort in their swift crossing over the roaring fires of Hell and in the ‘light’ that God will place in front of them, guiding them to their eternal home:

“On the Day you see the believing men and believing women, their light proceeding before them and on their right, [it will be said], ‘Your good tidings today are of gardens beneath which rivers flow, wherein you will abide eternally.’ Indeed in that is the great success.” (Surah Al-Hadid, 57:12)

After crossing the bridge, the faithful will be purified before they are entered into Paradise. All scores between believers will be settled so that no one man nurses a grudge against another. [ Sahih Al-Bukhari ]

Enterring Paradise without Reckoning.

In the Hadith that was narrated by Muslim, the Prophet SAW said that the nations of all the prophets, May Allah praise them, were presented to him. He saw some prophets with only one or two people, or their family members with them (i.e. no-one else had believed in them). Then, the Prophet SAW noticed a huge crowd, and thought that was his Nation. Jibril told him that it was actually the Nation of Musa (Moses) but he indicated to him that a larger crowd which stretched across the horizon, and told him that this was his Nation. The Prophet SAW said, “…and with them are 70,000 who shall enter Paradise without reckoning or punishment. They are those who do not seek Ruqyah from others (words from the Quran or Sunnah said for the express purpose of protection or cure), nor draw omens, but rely upon their Lord.” [Muslim]

Martyrs of the battlefield who died in the cause of Allah will also be exempted from the reckoning. The Prophet SAW has said:

“While the servants (people) are standing at the place of reckoning, a [group of] people will come with their swords (hanging) on their backs dripping blood, and they will assemble at the gate of Paradise. It will be asked: ‘Who are these?’ whereupon it will be said: ‘They are the martyrs; they were alive, receiving sustenance.’” [At-Tabarani]


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