Wednesday, January 24, 2007

The Concept of Tawhid #3.

The Nullifiers of Tawhid [Islamic Monotheism].

2. Syirik of Supplication.

In relations to the Syirik of supplication, Allah SWT Says in the Quran:

"And when they embark on a ship they invoke Allah, making their Faith pure for Him only. But when He brings them safely to the land, behold they give a share of their worship to others." [Al-Ankabut, 29:65].

"And when harm touches you upon the sea, those that you call upon vanish from you except Him [Allah Alone]. But when He brings you safely to land, you turn away [from Him. And man is ever ungrateful." [Al-Israq, 17:67]

Ibnu Kathir says in his book of Tafsir [explanation of the Quran] in regards to this verse:

"'Ikrimah Ibn Abu Jahl fled from Allah's Messenger at the time when Makkah was conquered. He rode over the [Red] Sea to cross over to Abyssinia [Ethiopia], but [as they proceeded] a heavy storm wind overtook their boat, and huge waves came to them from all sides, and they thought that they were encircled therein. The people of the boat said to one another, 'None can save you except Allah. So invoke Him [Alone] to deliver you safely.' 'Ikrimah said to himself, 'By Allah if none can benefit in the sea except Allah, then no doubt none can benefit over the land except Allah. O Allah, I promise You that if You delivered me safe from this, I will go and put my hands in the hands of Prophet Muhammad SAW and surely I will find him full of pity, kindness and mercy.' So, they were delivered safely [by Allah] and returned to their seashore and came out of the sea. 'Ikrimah then proceeded to Allah's Messenger SAW embraced Islam and became a perfect Muslim."

Therefore, invoking other than Allah is major Syirik. Supplication is an act of worship and devoting an act of worship to other than Allah is Syirik. The Messenger of Allah said: "[supplication] is the [core of] worship" [At-Tarmidzi and Abu Dawud]

3. Syirik of Intentions and Will.

Allah Almighty says: "Whosoever desires the life of the world and its glitter, to them We shall pay in full [the wages of] their deeds therein, and they will have no diminution therein. They are those for whom there is nothing in the Hereafter but Fire, and vain are the deeds they did therein. And of no effect is that which they used to do." [Surah Hud, 11:15-16]

Ibn Al-Qayyim said, "As for Syirik of intention and will, it's the sea without a shore and few are among people who survive it. Whosoever intends for his deeds to be for other than Allah and intends other than worshipping Him and seeking His reward, thereby he has fallen into Syirik in his intention and will." [Al-Jawaab Al–Kaafi, p.200]. Syirik of intention becomes of the major type only for the one whose acts of worship [all of them] are intended for other than Allah. Whereas having showing off occasionally in his deeds is considered as minor Syirik.

4. Syirik of Obedience.

This means to obey others in disobeying Allah. In other words, when someone tells you to prostrate to other than Allaah, you obey him and thus disobey Allah, as Allah forbids prostrating to others than Him. Or if someone legalizes the actions made illegal by Allah, or forbids what Allah has legalized, then that is considered 'Syirik of Obedience'.

Allah Says: "They [Jews and Christians] have taken their scholars and monks as lords besides Allah and [also] the Messiah ['Isa a.s], the son of Maryam [Mary]. And they were not commanded except to worship one God; there is no deity except Him. Exalted is He above whatever they associate with Him." [At-Tawbah, 9:31]

'Adiy Ibn Haatim narated: "I heard the Prophet SAW reading this verse [9:31] above. So, I said to him, 'Verily, we did not worship them'. The Messenger of Allah SAW replied: 'Did they not make illegal what Allah made legal so you then deemed it illegal? And [did they not] make legal what Allah SWT made illegal and you therefore deemed it legal?' I said 'Yes'. The messenger said: "'That is worshipping them.' [Ahmad and At-Tarmidzi]

B. Minor Syirik consists of three types.

1. Swearing by others than Allah.

It is Syirik to swear by others than Allah.

Allah's Messenger SAW said: "Whoever swears by other than Allah has disbelieved or committed Syirik." [At-Tarmidzi and Al-Hakim]

Swearing by other than Allah such as a prophet, an angel, one's parents, etc, is considered minor Syirik. But if the one sworn by is glorified, then it is considered a major Syirik. Ibn Mas’uud said, "To swear by Allah while lying is more loved by me than to swear by other than Him while speaking the truth."

2. Saying "What Allah may Will and you may will".

'Abdullah Ibn ‘Abbas narated: "Once a man came to the Prophet SAW and said: 'With the Will of Allah and [also] with your will.' The Prophet SAW then said: "Have you made me an associate with Allah? Rather, it is what Allah alone wills." [An-Nasaa'i)

The same applies here as in swearing by other than Allah. If one says, "with Allah's will and someone's will" while glorifying that someone, then this is considered major Syirik; otherwise it is minor Syirik.

3. Riya’ [Showing Off].

Showing off is practicing an act of worship in order to please the creation instead of the Creator or to boast in front of someone. It can be major or minor Syirik. If the person practices all of his good deeds in order to please others than Allah, then this is considered to be major Syirik. But if the person intends to please others than Allah in some of his good deeds, then this is considered to be a minor Syirik. Allah Says:

"Say [O Muhammad]: I am only a man. It has been inspired to me that your God is One. So whosoever hopes for the meeting with his Lord, let him work righteousness and associate none as a partner in the worship of his Lord." [Al-Kahf 18:110]

©Islam web.

No comments: